HPTLC ATLAS

 

Botanical Information Citrus × aurantium L. (procuring samples)

Synonyms Aurantium × acre Mill.
Aurantium × bigarella Poit. & Turpin
Aurantium × corniculatum Poit. & Turpin
Aurantium × coronatum Poit. & Turpin
Aurantium × humile Mill.
Aurantium × myrtifolium Descourt.
Aurantium × orientale Mill.
Aurantium × silvestre Pritz.
Aurantium × sinense (L.) Mill.
Aurantium × variegatum Barb.Rodr.
Citrus aurantium var. dulcis
Citrus decumana var. paradisi (Macfad.) H.H.A.Nicholls
Citrus grandis f. benikawa Yu.Tanaka
Citrus grandis var. dulcis Yu.Tanaka
Citrus grandis var. glaberrima (Yu.Tanaka)
Citrus grandis var. kotokan (Hayata) Karaya
Citrus grandis var. natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Karaya
Citrus grandis var. sulcata (Takah.) Karaya
Citrus grandis var. tengu (Tanaka) Karaya
Citrus maxima var. uvacarpa Merr.
Citrus medica f. tamurana (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus pompelmos var. racemosa Risso & Poit.
Citrus sabon f. banyu Hayata
Citrus sabon f. hakunikuyu Hayata
Citrus sabon f. jiyu Hayata
Citrus sabon f. mitsuyu Hayata
Citrus sabon f. sekitoyu Hayata
Citrus sabon f. soyu Hayata
Citrus tankan f. koshotankan Hayata
Citrus tarogayo Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × amara Link
Citrus × aurantium f. intermedia (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium f. natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. ampullacea (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. anonyma (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. asahikan (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. banyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. benikawa (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. canaliculata (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. cyathifera (Risso & Poit.) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. dulcis (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. glaberrima (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. hakunikuyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. iyo (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. jiyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. medioglobosa (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. mitsuyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. omikanto (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. pseudogulgul (Shirai) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. sekitoyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. sinensis (L.) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. sinograndis (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. soyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. sulcata (Takah.) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. tengu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. tosa-asahi (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. truncata (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subf. yuge-hyokan (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × aurantium subsp. amara (Link) Engl.
Citrus × aurantium subsp. natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Makino & Nemoto
Citrus × aurantium subsp. sinensis (L.) Engl.
Citrus × aurantium subsp. suntra Engl.
Citrus × aurantium var. amara
Citrus × aurantium var. angustifolia Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. asperma Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. balearica Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. bigaradia (Loisel.) Brandis
Citrus × aurantium var. carnosa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. colla Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. corniculata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. crispa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. daidai (Siebold ex Hayata) Makino
Citrus × aurantium var. depressa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. duplex Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. elliptica Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. fetifera Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. genuensis Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. gibbosa Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. grassensis Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. hierochuntica Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. ilicifolia Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. imbiga Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. latifolia Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. limetiformis Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. limetta Guillaumin
Citrus × aurantium var. limoniformis Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. lunata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. lusitanica Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. mammifera Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. mandarina Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. melitensis Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. microcarpon Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. multiflora Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. myrtifolia Ker
Citrus × aurantium var. natsudaidai Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × aurantium var. nicaensis Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. nobilis (Lour.) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. oblonga Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. oryza Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. praecox Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. pyramidalis Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. pyriformis Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. reshni Engl.
Citrus × aurantium var. ruginosa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. rugosa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. sanguinea Engl.
Citrus × aurantium var. sigillata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. sinensis L.
Citrus × aurantium var. tarda Risso & Poit.
Citrus × aurantium var. umbilicata Risso
Citrus × aurantium var. voangkely H.Perrier
Citrus × aurantium var. vulgaris Risso
Citrus × benikoji Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × bigaradia Loisel.
Citrus × bigaradia var. asperma Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. bifera Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. bigamia Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. bizarria Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. caliculata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. canaliculata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. corniculata (Risso) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. coronata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. cortice-aeduli Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. crispifolia Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. cyathifera Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. duplex Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. fetifera Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. florentina Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. florifera Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. gallesiana Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. glaberrima (Risso) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. hispanica (Risso) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. itan Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. longifolia Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. macrocarpa Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. mammillata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. multiflora Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. myrtifolia (Risso) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. neapolitana Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. racemosus Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. salicifolia Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. sinensis (L.) Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. spatafora Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. sulcata Risso & Poit.
Citrus × bigaradia var. sylvestris Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. variegata Risso
Citrus × bigaradia var. violacea Risso & Poit.
Citrus × calot Lag.
Citrus × changshan-huyou Y.B.Chang
Citrus × communis Poit. & Turpin
Citrus × daidai Siebold ex Hayata
Citrus × dulcimedulla Pritz.
Citrus × florida Salisb.
Citrus × fusca Lour.
Citrus × glaberrima Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × humilis (Mill.) Poir.
Citrus × intermedia Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × karna Raf.
Citrus × keraji Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × kotokan Hayata
Citrus × leiocarpa Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × medioglobosa Yu.Tanaka Mem. Tanaka .
Citrus × myrtifolia (Ker Gawl.) Raf.
Citrus × natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Hayata
Citrus × nobilis Lour.
Citrus × nobilis f. tumida (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. benikoji (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. funadoko (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. genshokan (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. haili (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. hayashi-unshu M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. ishikawa-unshu M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. iwaikan (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. jyuma-unshu M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. keraji (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. koshotankan (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. kotokan (Hayata) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. mitsuharu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. miyagawa-wase M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. pseudograndis (Shirai) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. reticulata (Blanco) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. rokugatsu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. rubrifrons (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. sugiyama-unshu M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. tachimawase M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. yatsushiro (Tanaka) M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis subf. yonezawa-unshu M.Hiroe
Citrus × nobilis var. genshokan Hayata
Citrus × nobilis var. kikaijimense Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × nobilis var. rubrifrons Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × nobilis var. subcompressa Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × paradisi Macfad.
Citrus × pseudograndis Shirai
Citrus × pseudogulgul Shirai
Citrus × pseudoparadisi Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × racemosa (Risso & Poit.) Marcow. ex Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × reshni (Engl.) Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × reticulata Blanco
Citrus × rumphii Risso
Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck
Citrus × sinensis f. sekkan Hayata
Citrus × sinensis subsp. crassa (Risso) D.Rivera, Obón, De la Torre & A.Barber
Citrus × sinensis subsp. fetifera (Risso) D.Rivera, Obón, De la Torre & A.Barber
Citrus × sinensis subsp. hierochuntica (Risso) D.Rivera, Obón, De la Torre & A.Barber
Citrus × sinensis subsp. lusitanica (Risso) D.Rivera, Obón, De la Torre & A.Barber
Citrus × sinensis var. aurantia Risso
Citrus × sinensis var. longifolia Risso
Citrus × sinensis var. myrtifolia (Risso) Risso
Citrus × sinensis var. plumosa Risso
Citrus × sinensis var. variegata Risso
Citrus × taiwanica Yu.Tanaka & Shimada
Citrus × tamurana Takahashi
Citrus × tangelo J.W.Ingram & H.E.Moore
Citrus × truncata Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × vulgaris var. chinensis Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. corniculata Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. florifera Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. folio-crispa Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. fuctu-maxima Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. glaberrima Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. hispanica Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. multiflora Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. myrtifolia Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. pulpa-duci Risso
Citrus × vulgaris var. rugosa Risso
Citrus × yatsushiro Yu.Tanaka
Citrus × yuge-hyokan Yu.Tanaka
Common name (en) Bitter orange
Common name (ar) نارنج
Common name (de) Bitterorange
Common name (es) Naranjo amargo
Common name (fr) Bigaradier
Common name (id) Jeruk pahit
Common name (it) Arancio amaro
Common name (ko) 쓴귤
Common name (pt) Laranja-azeda
Common name (ru) Померанец
Common name (th) ส้มซ่า
Common name (vi) Cam chua
Common name (zh) 苦橙

Sample preparation To 1.0 g of the powdered herbal drug add 10 mL of methanol and heat in a water-bath at 65 °C for 5 min with shaking. Allow to cool and filter
Mobile phase Water, anhydrous formic acid, ethyl acetate 10:15:75 (v/v/v)
Derivatization Heat in an oven at 110-120 °C for 5 min. Spray the hot plate with a 10 g/L solution of diphenylboric acid aminoethyl ester in methanol and then with a 50 g/L solution of macrogol 400 in methanol; examine after at least 1 h
Sample preparation To 0.5 g of the powdered herbal drug add 5 mL of methanol. Heat with stirring at 40 °C for 10 min. Filter
Mobile phase Water, anhydrous formic acid, ethyl acetate 10:15:75 (v/v/v)
Derivatization Heat in an oven at 110-120 °C for 5 min. Spray the hot plate with a 10 g/L solution of diphenylboric acid aminoethyl ester in methanol and then with a 50 g/L solution of macrogol 400 in methanol; examine after at least 1 h
Sample preparation Weigh 0.1 g of the powdered sample and place it in a 250-mL conical flask, then add 100 mL of methanol. Sonicate (240 W) the mixture for 30 min. Filter the mixture
Mobile phase Water, acetone 3:2 (v/v)
Derivatization Spray with 2% aluminium trichloride reagent in ethanol and dry in air
Sample preparation Weigh 0.5 g of the powdered sample and place it in a 50-mL conical flask, then add 20 mL of methanol. Sonicate (240 W) the mixture for 30 min. Filter and transfer the filtrate to a 50-mL round-bottomed flask. Evaporate the solvent to dryness at reduced pressure in a rotary evaporator. Dissolve the residue in 1 mL of methanol
Mobile phase Use the upper layer of a mixture of water, n-butanol and acetic acid 5:4:1 v/v/v) on HPTLC silica gel F254 plate impregnated with 1% solution of sodium hydroxyde
Derivatization Spray with 1% ninhydrin reagent in ethanol and heat the plate at 105°C until the spots or band become visible

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