Botanical Information Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.

Synonyms Alpinia alba (Retz.) Roscoe
Alpinia bifida Warb.
Alpinia carnea Griff.
Alpinia pyramidata Blume
Alpinia rheedei Wight
Alpinia viridiflora Griff.
Amomum galanga (L.) Lour.
Amomum medium Lour.
Galanga officinalis Salisb.
Hellenia alba (Retz.) Willd.
Heritiera alba Retz.
Languas galangal (L.) Stuntz
Maranta galangal L.
Zingiber galangal (L.) Stokes
Zingiber medium Stokes
Zingiber sylvestre Gaertn.
Common name (en) Greater galangal
Common name (de) Thai-ingwer
Common name (es) Galanga mayor
Common name (fr) Grand galanga
Common name (id) Lengkuas
Common name (ko) 큰고량강
Common name (lo) ຂ່າ
Common name (ru) Альпиния галанга
Common name (th) ข่า
Common name (vi) Riềng nếp
Common name (zh) 大高良薑

Sample preparation To 1 g of the powder add 20 mL of ether, ultrasonicate for 10 min, and filter. Wash the residue with a quantity of 10 mL of ether, filter, combine the filtrates, and evaporate to dryness. Dissolve the residue with 1 mL of ethyl acetate as the test solution.
Mobile phase Cyclohexane, ethyl acetate 17:3 (v/v)
Derivatization Spray with 5% Vanillin-sulfuric acid reagent and heat the plate at 105°C until the spot appear.
Sample preparation To 1.0 g of the powdered herbal drug add 10 mL of methanol. Sonicate for 10 min and centrifuge
Mobile phase Toluene, ethyl acetate 3:1 (v/v)
Derivatization Derivatize with anisaldehyde reagent, and heat the plate at 100°C for 3 min
System Suitability Test (SST) Under development
Specific marker(s) Under UV 366 nm, after derivatization
  • 6-gingerol: orange zone RF ~ 0.24
  • 8-gingerol: orange zone RF ~ 0.27
  • 10-gingerol: orange zone RF ~ 0.29
  • 6-shogaol: orange zone RF ~ 0.53
HPTLC Chromatograms (different origin(s))
HPTLC Chromatograms (related drug(s))
ATLAS documents ATLAS Method document of Alpinia galanga
Image comparison of Alpinia galanga and related herbal drugs
Image comparison of Alpinia galanga
Selection of the ATLAS method of Alpinia galanga
visionCATS data (CAMAG)